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Konpyūta To Ninchi O Rikai Suru: Jinkō Chinō No Genkai To Atarashii Sekkei Rinen

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A provocative look at the way we think about computers, language, and artificial intelligence.


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A provocative look at the way we think about computers, language, and artificial intelligence.

30 review for Konpyūta To Ninchi O Rikai Suru: Jinkō Chinō No Genkai To Atarashii Sekkei Rinen

  1. 5 out of 5

    Tommy Powell

    So far this is an absolutely fascinating study... The authors -concerned with current theories for determing artificial intelligence- begin by identifying our "traditional approach" to science and scholarship based on rational inquiry, particularly the idea that we humans build and maintain cognitive maps of reality and then attempt to harmonize those maps with the world around them. They follow a Chilean neurobiologist named Humberto R. Maturana who sees the behavior of humans in terms of our " So far this is an absolutely fascinating study... The authors -concerned with current theories for determing artificial intelligence- begin by identifying our "traditional approach" to science and scholarship based on rational inquiry, particularly the idea that we humans build and maintain cognitive maps of reality and then attempt to harmonize those maps with the world around them. They follow a Chilean neurobiologist named Humberto R. Maturana who sees the behavior of humans in terms of our "mechanistic structure-determined systems." (which strongly de-emphasizes rationality) They support their perspectives by way of Hans-Georg Gadamer and Martin Heidegger, and do so quite compellingly. So far (I'm currently on p.51) the chapter on "Cognition as a Biological Phenomenon" has been the most exciting. I happened to have a chance to mention this work to Dr. John Samples -a specialist in Glaucoma- while my wife was having her blindness documented (for her citizenship paperwork) and he pointed me to an article in the May 2011 issue of Scientific American; "The Hidden Organ in our Eyes" by Ignacio Provencio. This article highlights new research indicating that our eyes not only "take in" information via the rods & cones but also from the ganglion cells... and that even the blind will often be aware of the circadian rhythms (night & day). This seems to show a biological system that completely by-passes cognitive thought. more when I finish...

  2. 4 out of 5

    Ricardo Roman

    Es un trabajo imprescindible para comprender que la tecnología informática es un modo de vivir comunicados y conectados que forma parte de nuestra vida cotidiana. No se trata de máquinas de cálculo ni de administración de información, sino de invenciones de posibilidades en conversaciones, que -ahora con la red- son masivas globales. Es destacable que 21 años después esta obra siga siendo destacada entre los estudiosos del fenómeno de la era digital y las redes.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Pei-Yao

    This is a great book! I will definitely read it again in the future. This book gives readers a brief overview of how scientists have been trying to understand the way people understand and learn, and why the theories and models they proposed might not be enough for explaining known human behaviors. The authors mention several theoretical standpoints that have been affecting how people design computing system for decades. I especially enjoy the discussion about what is communication and how langu This is a great book! I will definitely read it again in the future. This book gives readers a brief overview of how scientists have been trying to understand the way people understand and learn, and why the theories and models they proposed might not be enough for explaining known human behaviors. The authors mention several theoretical standpoints that have been affecting how people design computing system for decades. I especially enjoy the discussion about what is communication and how languages have been co-evolved with our world.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Stephen

    A train wreck of amateur philosophy.

  5. 4 out of 5

    Jan D

    The books theory is based on phenomenology (Heidegger, Gadamer). Artificial intelligence and design are discussed based on the philosophy’s implications. The introduced concepts of Heidegger’s ready-to-hand and breakdown. It also discusses tacit assumptions in our use of language, showing that the truth of a statement is dependent on these assumptions and that the assumptions themselves are constantly (re)created in our use of language and actions. There are references to Wittgenstein (who is re The books theory is based on phenomenology (Heidegger, Gadamer). Artificial intelligence and design are discussed based on the philosophy’s implications. The introduced concepts of Heidegger’s ready-to-hand and breakdown. It also discusses tacit assumptions in our use of language, showing that the truth of a statement is dependent on these assumptions and that the assumptions themselves are constantly (re)created in our use of language and actions. There are references to Wittgenstein (who is relevant for his “Sprachspiele” in this context) and Garfinkel (who is relevant for his discussion of “Accountability”), however, they are less extensive than I expected in a book discussing language and social commitments extensively. The non-philosophical parts were interesting, but very short. The implications for design are discussed explicitly only in the last chapter (although greatly interweaving the theoretical ideas as well as actual products illustrating the ideas). The sections on Artificial Intelligence are still interesting, however, the book is dated and the systems discussed use different paradigms than the ones today. Related for their criticism of rationalist ideas: Supersizing the mind (Clark), The Reflective Practitioner (Schön), Plans and Situated actions (Suchman)

  6. 4 out of 5

    FractalHealing

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Book was given to me by one of my most important teachers Dr.Guim . Presents perspectives on what it is to be a robot as opposed a human in a world where robotics is well poised to replace humans in my areas of life . The state of intellect within which the spadework of the understanding of computer technology takes place. Its of a wider readership than just those curious about AI and computer design. Important and controversial new approach to understanding what computers do and how their funct Book was given to me by one of my most important teachers Dr.Guim . Presents perspectives on what it is to be a robot as opposed a human in a world where robotics is well poised to replace humans in my areas of life . The state of intellect within which the spadework of the understanding of computer technology takes place. Its of a wider readership than just those curious about AI and computer design. Important and controversial new approach to understanding what computers do and how their functioning is related to human language, thought, and action. This boo is important as a person in this day and age to have a well rounded perspective on how humans and machines are developing each other.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Ignacio Avellino

    HCI Classic

  8. 4 out of 5

    Reichart

    Even when the book came out, I thought to myself, "It doesn't really say anything". I can imagine a writer for a magazine could make use of the book to think of topics for tech pieces about the "future". A friend of mine gave me the book because he knew the authors, and wanted my take on it (as an A.I. developer). I wrote a quick program to spew out sentences that were similar to those in the book.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Lilly Irani

    This book has a big influence on how I think about cognition, though it took a long time to seep in. This book, in critiquing old fashioned, human-simulating AI, liberated me from aspiring to NLP AI and made it okay to do HCI. Copout by critique? Maybe. I prefer to think it's just not wasting your time on a fundamentally flawed approach. Thank you, Terry!

  10. 4 out of 5

    Timothy

    A classic that merits reading despite its age. Winograd and Flores bring together philosophy, linguistics, and biology in order to illuminate the endeavor of computer science. This little book is dense but somehow manages to remain clear and readable by students of many different disciplines.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Leo W.

    The central messages of this classic seem obvious in 2015. But, then, the sections on Maturana and Heidegger are perhaps as essential to today's techie's as ever.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Kalle Wescott

    This is now dated, but I give it 5 stars from a 1986 context.

  13. 4 out of 5

    Mark

    A very interesting book that is frequently recommended by Hjørland in his writings.

  14. 4 out of 5

    Fernando

  15. 5 out of 5

    Daisuke

  16. 5 out of 5

    Marco Felipe

  17. 5 out of 5

    Robert Fletcher

  18. 5 out of 5

    JH

  19. 4 out of 5

    Ed

  20. 4 out of 5

    Bradley Beth

  21. 5 out of 5

    Seba

  22. 4 out of 5

    Geir Aaslund

  23. 4 out of 5

    Russ Whitney

  24. 4 out of 5

    Megan Winget

  25. 4 out of 5

    Jeffrey Wong

  26. 5 out of 5

    Dennis

  27. 4 out of 5

    Alexander Boland

  28. 5 out of 5

    Markus

  29. 4 out of 5

    Trinley

  30. 4 out of 5

    Ray

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